Ebola has in the recent past raised so much concern which is understandable basing on the effects that the virus has on the infected people. The Ebola virus which is also known as the Ebola hemorrhagic fever is very fatal especially in cases where it has been contracted by people. The virus is hosted by the fruit bats then transferred to other animals or directly transferred to people especially those that frequent the tropical rain forest where the specific family of these fruit bats inhabit. Tests have been carried out using the accurate ELISA Protocol to prove that the bats are the original hosts of the Ebola virus disease.
The Symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease
The very first symptoms that one gets after being infected by the Ebola virus includes discomfort in the muscles and around the joint areas, there is also severe persistent headaches, bouts of nausea and diarrhea, sore throat and also severe weakness. As the days pass, the virus infection gets more serious and the infected patients develops more serious symptoms of both internal and external bleeding. The Ebola virus also affects the body organs of the infected patient such as their liver and kidneys. Ebola Virus is a very deadly disease. The statistics carried out report about 90% of the people who contract the Ebola virus end up dying. However, as the treatment keeps advancing, the survival rate is slowly increasing.
Diagnosis of the Ebola Virus
There are various tests which are carried out to confirm if it is Ebola Virus first. These include neutralization tests, another test to detect antigens, electron microscopy, ELISA Protocol which gives very accurate results even for those cases that have not yet started to experience any symptoms but are infected with the virus, and so much more. There is no vaccine that can be used to cure Ebola yet. The patients are thus given intensive care with oral rehydration using electrolytes as the infection results to severe dehydration.
The Hope of a Vaccine Being Developed
Currently, there is no vaccine that has been found to be able to cure cases of Ebola. However, there are numerous untested experimental vaccines which have been sanctioned but the World Health Organization to be used, though they are untested, but only in instances where there is a massive outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease infection.
The Necessary Preventive Measures that need to be taken
It is always best to prevent an infection instead of waiting to get sick before looking for a way to cure it. During instances of an outbreak, it is very important to undertake the necessary preventive measures so as to avoid being infected. The first thing is to ensure restricted movement of infected animals by making sure that they are quarantined to stop any possible transmission to their handlers. Also wear gloves if you are taking care of infected family members and other protective wear.